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How to integrate real-world user behavior into models of the market diffusion of alternative fuels in passenger cars – An in-depth comparison of three models for Germany

Authors (M-Five):
Meike Stich, Dr. Wolfgang Schade

In order to reduce CO2 emissions from transport, the spread of alternative, especially electric drivetrains in the passenger car sector is of great importance. The decision to buy a car is not totally objective and only partly based on cost. This paper compares three market diffusion models (ASTRA, ALADIN and TE3) with regard to the integration of user behavior when buying a car.